Music Dictionary

A Ballata
In the style of a simple dance.

Absolute

Absolute music. Music which is inspired by itself rather than extramusical implications such as the stories legends of "program" music.
Accelerando, accel
Gradually faster.
Accent
placed above a note to indicate stress or emphasis
Accidental
A sharp, flat, or natural not included in the given key.
Accompaniment
A vocal or instrument part that supports or is background for a solo part.
Adagio
Slow; slower than andante, faster than largo.
Addolorato
Sorrowfully.
Ad libitum, ad lib
A term which permits the performer to vary the tempo and/or to include or omit a vocal or instrumental part. Synonymous with a piacere.
A due
Return to unison after divisi.
Affrettando
Hurrying.
Agilmente
Lively.
Agitato
Agitated; with excitement.
Al, all', alla, alle
To; used with other words, e.g. al Fine (to the end).
Album
A full length recording. In pop music, it contains a number of songs.
Al coda
"To the coda."
Aleatory or aleatoric music
- Chance music in which the performers are free to perform their own material and/or their own manner of presentation.
Al fine
To the end.
Alla breve
Cut time; meter in which there are two beats in each measure and a half note receives one beat.
Allargando, allarg
Slowing of tempo, usually with increasing volume; most frequently occurs toward the end of a piece.
Allegretto
Slower than allegro.
Allegro
Quick tempo; cheerful.
Al segno
Return to the sign, Dal segno.
Alteration
The raising or lowering of a note by means of an accidental.
Alto clef
The C clef falling on the third line of the staff. Most of the time is used by the viola.
Ancora
Repeat.
Andante
Moderate tempo.
Andantino
Slightly faster than andante.
A niente
To nothing, e.g. to ppp.
Animato
Animated; lively.
A piacere
Freedom in performance. Synonymous with ad libitum.
Appassionato
Impassioned.
Appoggiatura
A nonharmonic tone, usually a half or whole step above the harmonic tone, which is performed on the beat and then resolved.
Arabesque
A fanciful piano piece. Ornate passage varying or accompanying a theme.
Arpeggio
A term used to describe the pitches of a chord as they are sung or played one after the other, rather than simultaneously.
Arrache
Strong pizzicato.
Arrangement
An adaption of a composition.
Articulation
The degree to which notes are separated or connected, such as staccato or legato.
A tempo
Return to the previous tempo.
Atonality
Lacking a tonal center.
Augmentation
Compositional technique in which a melodic line is repeated in longer note values. The opposite of diminution.
Augmented
The term for a major or perfect interval which has been enlarged by one half-step, e.g. c-g, (an augmented fifth,) or c-d, (an augmented second). Also used for a triad with an augmented fifth, e.g. the augmented tonic triad in C major,
Baby grand
A small grand piano.
Balance
The harmonious adjustment of volume and timbre between instruments or voices; it can be between players or vocalists or electronically while recording or mixing.
Ballade
In the medieval period a form of trouvere music and poetry. In later time, German poetry set as a through-composed song.
Band
An instrumental ensemble, usually made up of wind and percussion instruments and no string instruments.
Bar line
The vertical line placed on the staff to divide the music into measures.
Baroque
The period 1600-1750.
Bass clef
The other name for the F clef.
Basso continuo, Continuo
The Baroque practice in which the bass part if played by a viola da gamba(cello) or bassoon while a keyboard instrument performed the bass line and the indicated chords.
Baton
Conductor's stick.
Battuto
Beat, bar, or measure. A due or a tre battuta, the musical rhythm in groups of two or three respectively.
Ben
Well. Used with other words, e.g. ben marcato, well accented, emphasized.
Binary form
The term for describing a composition of two sections. AB, each of which may be repeated.
Bis
Repeated twice. Encore!
Bitonality
The occurrence of two different tonalities at the same time.
Bourree
A French dance from the 17th century in brisk duple time starting with a pickup.
Brass family
Wind instruments made out of metal with either a cup- or funnel-shaped mouthpiece, such as trumpet, cornet, bugle, Flugelhorn, trombone, tuba, baritone horn, euphonium, saxhorn, and French horn.
Broken chord
Notes of a chord played in succession rather than simultaneously. Arpeggio.
Da capo, D. C.
Return to the beginning.
Dal
"From the," "by the."
Dal segno, D. S.
Repeat from the sign . Frequently followed by al Fine.
Damper pedal
On pianos, the pedal that lifts the dampers from the strings.
Deceptive cadence
Chordal progression dominant (V) to a chord other than the expected tonic.
Decrescendo
Gradually softer. Synonymous with diminuendo.
Degree
One of the eight consecutive tones in a major or minor scale.
Delicato
Delicately.
Di
Of, with.
Diminished
The term for an interval which has been decreased from the major by two half steps and from the perfect by one half step, e.g. c-a, diminished sixth, or c-g, a diminished fifth. Also used for a triad which has a minor third and a diminished fifth, e.g. c, c-e g.
Diminuendo, dim
Gradually softer. Synonymous with decrescendo.
Diminution
The shortening of note values; the opposite of augmentation.
Dirge
A piece that is performed at a funeral or memorial service.
Disjunct
The term used to describe intervals larger than a second; the opposite of conjunct.
Dissonance
Sounds of unrest, e.g. intervals of seconds and sevenths; the opposite of consonance.
Divisi, div
An indication of divided musical parts.
Do
The first degree of the major scale.
Dolce
Sweetly.
Dolcissimo
Very sweetly.
Doloroso
Sadly; mournfully.
Dominant
The fifth degree of the major or minor scale. Also, the term for the triad built on the fifth degree, labelled V in harmonic analysis.
Double bar
Two vertical lines placed on the staff to indicate the end of a section or a composition. Also, used with two dots to enclose repeated sections.
Double flat
A symbol for lowering pitch one step.
Double sharp
A symbol for raising pitch one step.
Double tonguing
On flute and brass instruments, the technique of rapidly articulating notes by using the front and the back of the tongue in alternation (t-k-t-k-t-k).
Down beat
The first beat; given by the conductor with a downward stroke.
Down bow
In the violin family, drawing the bow downward from its frog. The symbol is: .
Du
"From the," "of the."
Duet
A piece for two performers.
Duplet
A group of two notes performed in the time of three of the same kind.
Dynamics
Varying degrees of loud and soft
E
Italian word meaning "and."
Eighth
Octave.
Eighth note/rest
A note/rest half the length of a quarter note and an eighth of the length of a whole note.
Encore
To repeat a piece or play an additional piece at the end of a performance.
Enharmonic
A term used to describe notes of the same pitch which have different names, e.g. c and d, f and g.
Espressivo
Expressively.
Esuberante
Exuberant.
Fa
In solmization, the fourth degree of the major scale.
Fanfare
A prelude or opening, a flourish, usually played by brass instruments.
Fasola
A system of solmization used in 17th- and 18th-century England and America. Fa, so, and la were given to both c-d-e and f-g-a, with mi used for the seventh degree.
Fermata
Hold; pause .
Festivo, festoso
Festive; merry.
Fifth
The fifth degree of the diatonic scale. Also, the interval formed by a given tone and the fifth tone above or below it, e.g. c up to g, c down to f. Intervals of the fifth may be perfect (corresponding to major), diminished, or augmented.
Finale
The last movement of a symphony or sonata, or the last selection of an opera.
Fine
The end.
First ending
One or more measures which occur at the end of the stanza or stanzas. It is usually indicated:
Fixed do
The system of solmization in which c is always do.
Flat
A symbol which lowers the pitch of a note one half step.
Form
The design or structure of a musical composition .
Forte
 Loud.
Fortissimo
Very loud.
Full score
An instrumental score in which all the parts for the instruments appear on their own staves in standard instrumental family order.
Fourth
The fourth degree of the diatonic scale. Also, the interval formed by a given tone and the fourth tone above or below it, e.g. c up to f; c down to g. Intervals of the fourth may be perfect, diminished, or augmented.
Fz
Forzando or forzato. Synonomous with sforzando (sf or sfz).
Gig
A job for a musician.
Giocoso
Playful.
Giubilante
Exultant, jubilant.
Glissando
Gliss. The rapid scale achieved by sliding the nail of the thumb or third finger over the white keys of the piano. Glissando is commonly used in playing the harp. For bowed instruments glissando indicates a flowing, unaccented playing of a passage.
Grandioso
Grandiose, majestic.
Grand pause
A rest for the entire ensemble.
Grand piano
A piano with a winglike shape and a horizontal frame, strings, and soundboard.
Grand staff, Great staff
The G and F clef staves together make the grand (great) staff.
Grave
Slow, solemn.
Grazia
Grace. Con grazia, with grace.
Grazioso
Graceful.
Grosso, grosse
Great, large.
Half step
The interval from one pitch to the immediately adjacent pitch, ascending or descending, e.g. c-c; e-e; b-c. The smallest interval on the keyboard.
Harmony
The sounding of two or more tones simultaneously; the vertical aspect of music.
Hemiola
The term applied to time values in the ration of 3:2, e.g. three half notes in place of two dotted half notes.
Homophony, Homophonic
Musical texture which is characterized by chordal support of a melodic line.
Impressionism
A musical movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Inspired by the French impressionist painters, the movement had its impetus in the music of Debussy and Ravel.
Instrument
Any device that produces a musical sound.
Instrumentation
The art of composing, orchestrating, or arranging for an instrumental ensemble.
Interval
The difference in pitch between two tones.
Inversion
As applied to music the term may be used in both melody and harmony. Melodic inversion: an exchange of ascending and descending movement, e.g. c up to f in descending becomes c down to g. Harmonic inversion: the position of the chord is changed from root position (root on the lowest pitch) to first inversion, with the third, or second inversion, with the fifth in the lowest voice. An example: root position c-e-g; first inversion e-g-c; second inversion g-c-e.
Ironico
Ironical.
Key signature
The sharps or flats placed at the beginning of the staff to denote the scale upon
which the music is based.
La
In solmization, the sixth degree of the major scale. Also, the first degree of the relative minor scale, e.g. a is the sixth degree, or la, in the C major scale and the first degree of the a-minor scale.
Lacrimoso
Tearful, mournful.
Lamento
Mournful, sad.
Langsam
Slow.
Largamente
Broadly.
Larghetto
Slower than largo.
Largo
Very slow.
Leading tone
The seventh degree of the major scale, so called because of its strong tendency to resolve upward to the tonic.
Ledger lines
Short lines placed above and below the staff for pitches beyond the range of the staff.
Legato
Smooth, connected.
Leggiero
Light; graceful.
Lento
Slow; slightly faster than largo, slower than adagio.
Liberamento
Freely.
Linear
Melodic; horizontal lines. .
Madrigal
A Renaissance choral piece, usually unaccompanied.
Maggoiore
The major mode.
Major
"Greater". A term used to describe certain intervals ( seconds, thirds, sixths, and sevenths)chords and the Ionian Mode.
Major Chord
a traid composed of a root, a third, and a fifth.
Major Scale
A diatonic scale where the half-steps fall between the third and fourth, and the seventh.
Meter Signature
Time signature.
Mode
A scale pattern consisting of set intervals of whole and half steps.
Modern
Music written in the 20th century, or contemporary music.
Movement
A self-contained segment of a larger work. Found in works such as Sonatas, Symphonies, Concertos, Etc.
Nach
After (as "in the manner of"); behind.
Nachtmusik
"Night music." A serenade.
Natural
A musical symbol which cancels a previous sharp or flat.
Neumatic
One style of chant in which two to four pitches occur on one syllable; in contrast to melismatic and syllabic.
Non
No; not.
Nonharmonic tones
A designation for tones outside the harmonic structure of the chord. Two frequently used examples are the passing tone and the appoggiatura.
Non troppo
Not too much. Used with other terms, e.g. non troppo allegro, not too fast.
Notation
A term for a system of expressing musical sounds through the use of written characters, called notes.
Note
The symbol which, when placed on a staff with a particular clef sign, indicates pitch.
Nuance
Subtle variations in tempo, phrasing, dynamics, etc., to enhance a musical performance.
Octave
The eighth tone above a given pitch, with twice as many vibrations per second, or below a given pitch, with half as many vibrations.
Octet
A piece for eight instruments or voices.
Open fifth
A triad without a third.
Open strings
Strings are not stopped, fingured, or fretted.
Opus, Op
The term, meaning work, is used by composers to show the chronological order of their works, e.g. Op. 1, Op. 2.
Orchestra
A large group of musicians made up of string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments.
Orchestration
The art of writing, arranging, or scoring for the orchestra.
Ornamentation
Note or notes added to the original melodic line for embellishment and added interest.
Ornaments
Melodic embellishments, either written or improvised.
Ossia
"Or." Indicating an alternative passage or version.
Ostinato
A repeated melodic or rhythmic pattern, frequently appearing in the bass line.
Ostinato
A repeated melodic or rhythmic pattern, frequently appearing in the bass line.
Ottava
Octave.
Ottava alta
(8va) An octave higher.
Ottave bassa
(8va or 8vb) An octave lower.
Overtones
The almost inaudible higher tones which occur with the fundamental tone. They are the result of the vibration of small sections of a string (instrument) or a column of air. Other general terms for overtones are partials and harmonics.
Overture
The introductory music for an opera, oratorio or ballet. A concert overture is an independent work.
Pacato
Calm, quiet.
Passing tones
Unaccented notes which move conjunctly between two chords to which they do not belong harmonically.
Pausa
A rest.
Pensieroso
Contemplative, thoughtful.
Percussion family
Instruments made of sonorous material that produce sounds of definite or indefinite pitch when shaken or struck, including drums, rattles, bells, gongs, and xylophones.
Perfect
A term used to label fourth, fifth, and octave intervals. It corresponds to the major, as given to seconds, thirds, sixths, and sevenths.
Perfect cadence
The chordal progression of dominant to tonic, in a major key V-I, in minor V-i.
Perfect interval
Interval of an octave, fifth, or fourth without alteration.
Perfect pitch
The ability to hear and identify a note without any other musical support.
Pesante
Heavy.
Petite
Little.
Peu a peu
Little by little.
Phrase
A relatively short portion of a melodic line which expresses a musical idea, comparable to a line or sentence in poetry.
Pianissimo
Very soft.
Pianississimo
Very, very soft; the softest common dynamic marking.
Piano
Soft. Pianoforte.
Pianoforte
"Soft-loud." A keyboard instrument, the full name for the piano, on which sound is produced by hammers striking strings when keys are pressed. It has 88 keys.
Picardy third
The term for the raising of the third, making a major triad, in the final chord of a composition which is in a minor key. The practice originated in c. 1500 and extended through the Baroque period.
Pitch
The highness or lowness of a tone, as determined by the number of vibrations in the sound.
Piu
More. Used with other terms, e.g. piu mosso, more motion.
Pizzicato
"Pinched." On string instruments, plucking the string.
Plagal cadence
Sometimes called the "amen" cadence. The chordal progression of subdominant to tonic, in a major key IV-I, in minor iv-i.
Poco
Little. Used with other terms, e.g. poco accel., also, poco a poco, little by little.
Poco ced., Cedere
A little slower.
Poco piu mosso
A little more motion.
Poi
Then or afterwards, e.g. poi No. 3, then No. 3.
Postlude
"Play after." The final piece in a multi-movement work. Organ piece played at the end of a church service.
Prelude
"Play before." An introductory movement or piece.
Premiere
First performance.
Prestissimo
Very, very fast. The fastest tempo.
Presto
Very quick.
Primo
First.
Principal
Instrumental section leader.
Prologue
An introductory piece that presents the background for an opera.
Quarter note/rest
A note/rest one half the length of a half note and one quarter the length of a
whole note.
Quartet
A piece for four instruments or voices. Four performers.
Quasi
Almost. Used with other terms, e.g. quasi madrigal, almost or as if a madrigal.
Quintet
A piece for five instruments or voices. Five performers.
Rallentando, rall
Gradually slower. Synonymous with ritardando.
Range
The gamut of pitches, from low to high, which a singer may perform.
Rapide
Rapidly.
Re
In solmization, the second degree of the major scale.
Recital
A performance by one or more performers.
Refrain
A short section of repeated material which occurs at the end of each stanza.
Relative major and minor scales
Major and minor scales which have the same key signature.
Renaissance
The period c. 1450-1600.
Repeat
The repetition of a section or a composition as indicated by particular signs. Repeat of a section: Repeat from the beginning: Also D.C., repeat from the beginning and D.S., repeat from the sign.
Resonance
Reinforcement and intensification of sound by vibrations.
Rest
A symbol used to denote silence.
Rhapsody
A free style instrumental piece characterized by dramatic changes in mood.
Rhythm
The term which denotes the organization of sound in time; the temporal quality of sound.
Rinforzando
A reinforced accent.
Risoluto
Resolute.
Ritardando, rit
Gradually slower. Synonymous with rallentando.
Ritenuto
Immediate reduction in tempo.
Ritmico
Rhythmically.
Roll
On percussion instruments, a sticking technique consisting of a rapid succession of notes:
Romanticism
The period c. 1825-1900.
Root
The note upon which a triad or chord is built.
Root position
The arrangement of a chord in which the root is in the lowest voice.
Round
Like the canon, a song in which two or more parts having the same melody, starting at different points. The parts may be repeated as desired.
Rubato
The term used to denote flexibility of tempo to assist in achieving expressiveness.
Rudiments
On drums, the basic sticking patterns.
Ruhig
Quiet.
Run
A rapid scale passage.
Rustico
Pastoral, rustic, rural.
Sanft

Soft, gentle.

Sans
Without.
Scale
A succession of tones. The scale generally used in Western music is the diatonic scale, consisting of whole and half steps in a specific order.
Scherzo
"Joke." A piece in a lively tempo. A movement of a symphony, sonata, or quartet in quick triple time, replacing the minuet.
Schnell
Fast.
Score
The written depiction of all the parts of a musical ensemble with the parts stacked vertically and rhythmically aligned.
Secco
"Dry." Unornamented.
Second
The second degree of the diatonic scale. Also, the interval formed by a given tone and the next tone above or below it, e.g. c up to d, or c down to b. Intervals of the second may be major, diminished, or augmented.
Section
A division of a musical composition.
Segno

"Sign."

Sehr
Very.
Sehr leise beginnend
Very soft in the beginning.
Semitone
A half step. The smallest interval on the keyboard.
Sempre
Always. Used with other terms, e.g. sempre staccato.
Semplice
Simple.
Senza
Without. Used with other terms, e.g. senza crescendo.
Septet
A piece for seven instruments or voices. Seven performers.
Sequence
The repetition of a melodic pattern on a higher or lower pitch level.
Serenade
A love song or piece, usually performed below someone's window in the evening.
Sereno
Serene, peaceful.
Seventh
The seventh degree of the diatonic scale. Also, the interval formed by a given tone and the seventh tone above or below it, e.g. c up to b, or c down to d. Intervals of the seventh may be major, minor, diminished, or augmented.
Seventh chord
When a seventh (above the root) is added to a triad (root, third, fifth), the result is a seventh chord, e.g. the dominant triad in the key of C major, g-b-d, with the added seventh becomes g-b-d-f and is labelled V7.
Sforzando, Sfz, Sf
Sudden strong accent on a note or chord.
Sharp
A symbol which raises the pitch of a note one-half step.
Sheet music
An individually printed song, most often for voice, piano, guitar,or a combination of the three. Any printed music.
Shifting meter
The changing of meter within a composition. Synonymous with changing meter.
Simile
An indication to continue in the same manner.
Sin'
Until.
Sinistra
Left hand.
Sino
Until.
Six-four chord
The second inversion of a triad, made by placing the fifth of the chord in the lowest voice, e.g. Cis g-c-e.
Sixteenth note/rest
A note/rest half the length of an eighth note and a sixteenth the length of a whole note.
Sixth
The sixth degree of the diatonic scale. Also, the interval formed by a given tone and the sixth tone above or below it, e.g. c up to a, or c down to e. Intervals of the sixth may be major, minor, diminished, or augmented.
Sixth chord
The first inversion of a triad, made by placing the third of the chord in the lowest voice, e.g. C6 is e-g-c.
Skip
Melodic movement of more than one whole step.
Slur
A curved line placed above or below two or more notes of different pitch to indicate that they are to be performed in legato style.
Smorzando
Fading away.
Soave
Sweet, mild.
Sognando
Dreamily.
Sol
In solmization, the fifth degree of the major scale.
Solmization
The term for the use of syllables for the degrees of the major scale: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la ti, do. The minor scale (natural) is la, ti, do, re, mi, fa, sol, la.
Solo
To perform alone or as the predominant part.
Sonata
An instrumental piece, often in several movements.
Sonatina
A short sonata.
Sostenuto
Sustaining of tone or slackening of tempo.
Spiccato
On string instruments, a bowing technique wherein the bow is bounced on the string at moderate speed.
Staccato
Detached sounds, indicated by a dot over or under a note. The opposite of legato.
Staff
The most frequently used staff has five horizontal lines, with four spaces, upon which the notes and other musical symbols are placed.
Stanza
A selection of a song, two or more lines long, characterized by a common meter, rhyme, and number of lines.
Stesso
Same.
String instrument family
Instruements with strings that produce sound when plucked, bowed, or struck.
Strophic
A term used to describe a song in which all the stanzas of the text are sung to the same music. The opposite of through-composed.
Subdominant
The fourth degree of the major or minor scale. Also, the name of the triad built on the fourth degree of the scale, indicated by IV in a major key and by iv in a minor key.
Subito
Suddenly.
Submediant
The sixth degree of a major or minor scale. Also, the name of the triad built on the sixth degree of the scale, indicated by VI in a major key and by vi in a minor key.
Sul
On the.
Supertonic
The second degree of the major or minor scale. Also, the name of the triad built on the second degree of the scale, indicated by II in a major scale and iio in a minor scale.
Sur
On, over.
Suspension
The use of a nonharmonic tone to delay the resolution of a chord, frequently as it occurs in a cadence.
Svelto
Quick, light.
Symphony
A piece for large orchestra, usually in four movements, in which the first movement often is in sonata form. A large orchestra.
Syncopation
Accent on an unexpected beat.
Tanto

Much, so much.

Tempo
The rate of speed in a musical work.
Tempo primo
Return to the original tempo.
Teneramente
Tenderly.
Tenor clef

- The C clef falling on the fourth line of the staff.

Tenuto, ten
Hold or sustain a note longer than the indicated value, usually not as long a duration as the fermata.
Ternary form
Three-part form in which the middle section is different from the other sections. Indicated by ABA.
Terraced dynamics

- The Baroque style of using sudden changes in dynamic levels, as opposed to gradual increase and decrease in volume.

Tertian harmony
A term used to describe music based on chords arranged in intervals of thirds.
Tessitura
The general pitch range of a vocal part.
Texture
The term used to describe the way in which melodic lines are combined, either with or without accompaniment. Types include monophonic, homophonic, and polyphonic, or contrapuntal.
Theme

- The musical subject of a piece (usually a melody), as in sonata form or a fugue. An extramusical concept behind a piece.

Theme and variations
A statement of musical subject followed by restatements in different guises.
Theory
The study of how music is put together.
Third
The third degree of the diatonic scale. Also, the interval formed by a given tone and the third tone above or below it, e.g. c up to e, or c down to a. Intervals of the third may be major, minor, diminished, or augmented.
Through-composed

- A term used to describe a song in which the music for each stanza is different. The opposite of strophic.

Ti
In solmization, the seventh degree of the major scale. Also called the leading tone.
Tie
A curved line over or below two or more notes of the same pitch. The first pitch is sung or played and held for the duration of the notes affected by the tie.
Time signature
Synonymous with meter signature.
Tonality

- The term used to describe the organization of the melodic and harmonic elements to give a feeling of a key center or a tonic pitch.

Tone
A note; the basis of music.
Tone clusters
The simultaneous sounding of two or more adjacent tones.
Tonguing
On wind instruements, articulation with the tongue.
Tonic
The first note of a key. Also, the name of the chord built on the first degree of the scale, indicated by I in a major key or i in a minor key.
Tono

- Tone, key, pitch.

Tosto
Quick.
Tranquillo
Tranquilly; quietly; calm.
Transposition
The process of changing the key of a composition.
Tre
Three. Used with other terms, e.g. a tre voci, in three parts.
Treble clef
The G clef  falling on the second line of the staff.
Triad

- A chord of three tones arranged in thirds, e.g. the C-major triad c-e-g, root-third-fifth.

Trill, tr
A musical ornament performed by the rapid alternation of a given note with a major or minor second above.
Triple meter
Meter based on three beats, or a multiple of three, in a measure.
Triplet
A group of three notes performed in the time of two of the same kind.
Troppo
Too much. Used with other terms, e.g. allegro non troppo, not too fast.
Turn
A musical ornament characterized by the rapid performance of a given note, the major or minor second above and below, and a return to the given note.
Tutti
All. A direction for the entire ensemble to sing or play simultaneously
Twelve-tone technique
A system of composition which uses the twelve tones of the chromatic scale in an arbitrary arrangement called a tone row or series. The row may be used in its original form, its inversion, in retrograde, and in the inversion of the retrograde. The system was devised by Arnold Schoenberg in the early 20th century.
Una corda

- Soft pedal.

Unison
Singing or playing the same notes by all singers or players, either at exactly the same pitch or in a different octave.
Un peu
A little. Used with other words, e.g. un peu piano.
Un poco
A little.
Upbeat
One or more notes occurring before the first bar line, as necessitated by the text for the purpose of desirable accent. The unaccented beat of a measure.
Variation

- The manipulation of a theme by the use of melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic changes.

Vibrato
Repeated fluctuation of pitch.
Virtuoso
A brillant, skillful performer.
Vivace
Lively, brisk, quick, and bright

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mp3 String Accompaniments

The Violin Place

These accompaniments are higher quality and in mp3 formate. Each String Accompaniment includes:

Sheet Music, Mp3s of each solo part, Mp3 of all parts playing together, and an accompaniment Mp3 for each part.

Free Sample

String Accompaniments

The Glow Worm

Come Back to Sorrento

Londonderry Air or Danny Boy

Some Other Titles

I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles

Santa Lucia

Nearer My God to Thee

Canon In D

 

Violin Tunner
Violin
Stay Tuned In

The Violin Place is on

the violin placethe violin placethe violin place

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Online Violin Lessons

The Violin Place

Step by Step How it Works

Before filling out the Registration Form please take advantage of the Free Sample Lesson.  If the lesson is too advanced.  Please let me know and I will create a Sample Lesson for you.  (We can schedule a free Live Webcam Lesson)

When filling out the Registration form,  you will be asked a few simple questions about your violin experience.  This form is used to determine your first lesson material.

Once we receive your Registration form we will e-mail your Student Login information.

Login to your Student Page.  This is where you will find your lesson material to purchase.

Purchase the material.   You will always have access to that material  in your purchase history.

Continue

Free Sheet Music

By the Greatest Composers in History

The Violin PlaceThe Violin PlaceThe Violin Place

The Violin PlaceThe Violin PlaceThe Violin Place

Music Resources

Note Reading

Music Dictionary

Music Theory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLay Along